The History of Paris: A Concise Overview

Paris, often celebrated as the "City of Light," has evolved from a small Gallic settlement to a pivotal global capital, rich in history and culture. Ancient Beginnings and Medieval Expansion Originating as a settlement of the Parisii tribe, the city was established as Lutetia by the Romans in 52 BCE. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Paris became the capital under the rule of Clovis I, the first King of all Franks, in the late 5th century. The medieval period saw significant developments, including the founding of the University of Paris in 1150 and the construction of Notre-Dame Cathedral, which started in 1163. Renaissance and Royal Enhancements During the Renaissance, Paris flourished under the patronage of Francis I, who brought the influences of the Italian Renaissance to France. The city's landscape was transformed by monarchs like Henri IV, who added landmarks such as the Pont Neuf and Place des Vosges. Although Louis XIV moved the royal court to Versailles, his reign saw the completion of major sites like Les Invalides.

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The History of Paris: A Concise Overview

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